Entries by misty

Perforated Eardrum

A hole or rupture in the eardrum, the thin membrane that separates the ear canal from the middle ear, is called a perforated eardrum. The medical term for eardrum is tympanic membrane. The middle ear is connected to the nose by the Eustachian tube, which regulates pressure in the middle ear. A perforated eardrum is […]

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Q&A With Dr. Barry Hirsch

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss A Q & A with AAO-HNS Member Expert Barry E. Hirsch, MD, Professor, Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences and Disorders, and Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine; Director, Division of Otology; and Chair, AAO-HNS Hearing Committee. Q. What is noise-induced hearing loss? A. Human ears are exposed to noises […]

Ear Infection and Hearing Loss

What is otitis media and ear infection? Otitis media refers to inflammation of the middle ear. When an abrupt infection occurs, the condition is called “acute otitis media.” Acute otitis media occurs when a cold, allergy, and the presence of bacteria or viruses lead to the accumulation of pus and mucus behind the eardrum, blocking […]

Hearing Loss

You may have hearing loss and not even be aware of it. People of all ages experience gradual hearing loss, often due to the natural aging process or long exposure to loud noise. Other causes of hearing loss include viruses or bacteria, heart conditions or stroke, head injuries, tumors and certain medications. Treatment for hearing […]

Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease

What is AIED? Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) is an inflammatory condition of the inner ear. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks cells in the inner ear that are mistaken for a virus or bacteria. AIED is a rare disease occurring in less than one percent of the 28 million Americans with a […]

En Español: Qué Debe Saber Acerca de la Otoesclerosis

¿Qué es la otoesclerosis? El término otoesclerosis deriva del griego esclero (duro) y oto (oído). Describe la condición de un anormal crecimiento en los pequeños huesos del oído medio que llevan a la fijación del estribo. El hueso del estribo se debe mover libremente para que el oído trabaje correctamente y se pueda escuchar en […]

What You Should Know About Otosclerosis

The term otosclerosis is derived from the Greek words for “hard” (scler-o) and “ear” (oto). It describes a condition of abnormal bone growth around the stapes bone, one of the tiny bones of the middle ear. This leads to a fixation of the stapes bone. The stapes bone must move freely for the ear to […]

Hyperacusis: An Increased Sensitivity to Everyday Sounds

What is Hyperacusis? Hyperacusis is a condition that arises from a problem in the way the brain’s central auditory processing center perceives noise. It can often lead to pain and discomfort. Individuals with hyperacusis have difficulty tolerating sounds which do not seem loud to others, such as the noise from running faucet water, riding in […]

Genes and Hearing Loss

One of the most common birth defects is hearing loss or deafness (congenital), which can affect as many as three of every 1,000 babies born. Inherited genetic defects play an important role in congenital hearing loss, contributing to about 60% of deafness occurring in infants. Although exact data is not available, it is likely that […]

En Español: Infección del Oído Medio (Otitis Media Crónica) e Hipocusia

¿Qué es la otitis media? Otitis media se refiere a la inflamación del oído medio. Cuando la infección ocurre esta condición es llamada “otitis media aguda”. La otitis media aguda ocurre cuando un resfrío, alergia o infección de las vías respiratorias superiores y la presencia de bacterias o virus llevan a la acumulación de pus […]